Knowledge About The House Fly

House FlyMost everyone knows what the common house fly is has been annoyed by the occasional fly, especially if you are eating or at a restaurant!  Here in Southwest Florida flies are active all year round, but the height of the house fly activity rises during May and June.

The House Fly is the most common of all insects.  It is worldwide in distribution and is a pest in homes, barns, poultry houses, food processing plants, dairies, and recreation areas.  Not only are house flies a nuisance, but they can also transport disease-causing organisms.

House flies feed by using sponging-type mouthparts. As the fly moves about from one food source to another, it eats its food by regurgitating liquid and dropping it on the food to liquefy it. House flies must liquefy food before ingesting it, by placing spongy mouthparts on the food source and secreting saliva or regurgitated gut contents onto it.

Researchers have documented five more bacteria species carried by house flies, and all of them cause illness in humans, ranging from food poisoning to respiratory infections.

The researchers used fatty acid analysis and DNA sequencing to identify a total of 11 pathogens carried by the flies – five of them not previously linked to house flies: Acinetobacter baumanni, Bacillus pumilus, Cronobacter sakazakii, Methylobacterium persicinum and Staphylococcus sciuri.

The pathogens that can hurt humans are spread by flies through the food-liquefying process, or by defecation.

Most people simply wave a fly away and go back to eating, but if a cockroach crawls across their table, it will creates a panic in a restaurant. The real facts are, the housefly carries potentially twice as many pathogens, germs, as a cockroach. We think it’s important to educate that to our customers and the public about the health risks all pests can potentially carry, even the common house fly.

Good sanitation is the basic step in any house fly management program. Food, garbage, trash, and materials on which the flies can lay eggs must be removed.  House Fly eggs hatch within 24 hours into tiny larva call maggots.  In 3 to 6 days these maggots migrate to drier areas and cocoon themselves just like a butterfly.  A House Fly can complete its life cycle (egg, larva, pupa, and adult) in Florida in 6 to 10 days, living a life span of about 30 days.

Around homes and businesses, screening windows, doors.  Trash containers are common breeding sites Packaging household trash in plastic bags will help eliminate breeding sites.

Interior Fly traps may be useful in some fly control programs.  Outdoors, the control of flies includes the use of chemical treatment to the bottom of dumpsters, and the use of fly baits near adult feeding sources.

For a heavy fly infestations a pest control professional such a Collier Pest Control maybe necessary to get control of the problem.

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